Neurosciences

ROBOTICS IN SPINE SURGERYThe RenaissanceTM Robotic Technology has been specifically designed for spine surgery. This transforms spine surgery from freehand procedures to highly-accurate, state-of-the-art robotic procedures, with less radiation.It is used for procedures including: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) Correction of Scoliosis and other complex spinal deformities Complex reconstructions on childhood deformities Minimally invasive surgeries for low back disorders Osteotomies Biopsies...
What is Spinal Surgery? This procedure is performed on the spinal column for a number of complications. It is intended to restore usability of the spine and its structures. One of these complications is a pinched nerve. The surgery is intended to correct any deformities that may impede normal function of the spinal cord. Diagnosis Diagnosing spinal disorders is a long and complex process. It involves soft tissue imaging and other techniques. The main imaging technique used is an MRI. A CT sc...
What is Vascular Neurosurgery? Neurosurgery is the branch of medicine that deals with the central nervous system through various types of surgeries. Vascular neurosurgery specializes in the blood vessels that pass through the central nervous network. It specializes in identifying and dealing with problems of the blood vessels that may lead to problems for the brain or spinal cord. The process of doing this requires a high degree of precision. Consequently, qualify to become a vascular neurosurg...
What is Neuro-Endoscopy? This is a relatively new field of neurosurgery. It has been made possible by advances in medical technology. This method allows a brain surgeon to access hard to reach areas of the brain. This is made possible by the use of an endoscope; a tube-like device, which can be fitted with equipment at the front for carrying out an operation. In most cases, the endoscope is fitted through a tiny hole, above the size of a dime in the roof of the mouth or the nose. Since there is...
What is Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery? This is the use of miniaturized equipment to operate on the human central nervous system. The operation involves making small incisions that help one to access the central nervous system. The doctor inserts a long narrow tube that has a camera attached at the end. This helps him/her to view any structures that may require repair or removal. Types of Procedure Performed The most common form of minimally invasive neurosurgery performed is the intracrani...
What is Ventral Discectomy? This procedure is used to reduce nerve compression. The operation normally takes place at the neck to remove a herniated disk. At times as people age, the spinal disks may start to wither and thus compress the holes through which nerves leave the spinal column. This can cause immense problems for a person. This procedure is used as a last resort when all other types of treatment have failed. Diagnosis A diagnosis involves a doctor feeling around the spinal column ...
What is Brachial Plexus Surgery? Brachial Plexus Surgery is performed to restore traumatic damage caused to the Brachial Plexus. The Brachial Plexus is a group of nerves that extends from the spine and proceeds to the neck, shoulders, armpit region, and into the arm. The damaged nerves are repaired by shifting and grafting a nerve that develops at the spine and moves to the Brachial Plexus. What kinds of injuries are cured by the surgery? Brachial Plexus Surgery treats the following diseases ...
What is Brain Surgery? This operation is conducted on the brain in order to treat problems with the brain and nearby structures. It involves going through the skull and accessing the soft tissue that makes up the brain. People who conduct such operations are known as neurosurgeons. They go through years of training to qualify for such an operation. Diagnosis A number of conditions may necessitate brain surgery. One of this is a brain tumor. The only way to get rid of it is cutting it off. I...
What is Spinal Surgery? This procedure is performed on the spinal column for a number of complications. It is intended to restore usability of the spine and its structures. One of these complications is a pinched nerve. The surgery is intended to correct any deformities that may impede normal function of the spinal cord. Diagnosis Diagnosing spinal disorders is a long and complex process. It involves soft tissue imaging and other techniques. The main imaging technique used is an MRI. A CT sc...
What is Neuro-Oncology? Neuro-oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of tumors. This branch of medicine deals specifically with tumors that affect the central nervous system. A number of dangerous tumors, which require specialized treatment, afflict the central nervous system. It requires an intensive and extensive understanding of the brain and spinal in order to give treatment. The aim of the treatment is usually to extend the patient's life by a year or two. In rare c...
What is Neuro-traumatology? This is a field of medicine that is concerned with the treatment and the study of traumatic injury to the central nervous system. It is still a developing field that tries to explain the extent to which trauma to the spine and brain affect the normal function of a person. For instance, this field of medicine has a particular interest in contact sports such as boxing and football. By understanding the effects of trauma, doctors hope to come up with ways to reduce the ...
What is Brain tumor surgery?Brain tumor surgery is performed to remove a brain tumor. Craniotomy is the most common method used to remove a brain tumor. During surgery, the maximum number of tumors are removed. Most primary brain tumors are surgically removed, however there are some tumors that may not be removed completely. In these cases, the tumor may only be debulked in which the tumor's size is reduced. This is helpful in relieving some symptoms. The patient may need to undergo chemothe...
What is Microdiscectomy Spine Surgery? Microdiscectomy spine surgery is a surgical procedure to treat a herniated disc in order to relieve pain in the lower back and leg. A microdiscectomy spine surgery reduces neural impingement and creates space for the repair of the nerve. The surgery involves removal of a part of the inter-vertebral disc that is herniated and compressing the spinal nerve roots. Microdiscectomy spine surgery uses a minimally invasive microscopic surgical method which allows ...
What is Stereotactic Radiosurgery? Stereotactic radiosurgery is a type of radiation treatment that uses high-powered x-rays focused on a specific part of the head. Stereotactic radiosurgery does not involve surgery but it is a form of radiation therapy used as a treatment for brain tumors, eye tumors, and various malformations and disorders in the brain. A three-dimensional system is used to target the beams to the specific location that needs radiation therapy. It is mostly done on the head a...
What is a Brain Aneurysm Surgery? A brain aneurysm surgery is surgical procedure in which a brain aneurysm is clipped. A brain aneurysm surgery is performed to cut off the bulging vein from the blood supply. This is done by clipping the neck of the bulge, which isolates the brain aneurysm from the rest of the blood circulation. This also prevents it from damaging the surrounding blood vessels, and its size is shrunk in a process called aneurysm obliteration. A brain aneurysm surgery is done as ...
What is Peripheral Nerve Surgery? Peripheral nerve surgery is a general term for various surgeries performed to treat peripheral nerve injuries, compression and tumors. These surgeries are conducted by surgeons from the specialized in orthopedics, neurology, cosmetic or reconstructive surgery. What are the different methods of Peripheral Nerve Surgery? The following are some of the methods used for peripheral nerve surgery: Common Peroneal Nerve Decompression Lateral Femoral Cutan...
What is pediatric neurosurgery? This is a subspecialty of that specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of children with various neurosurgical disorders. These problems involve the head, spine, and nervous system. Why see a pediatric neurosurgeon? Pediatric neurosurgeons treat neurosurgical problems that are quite different from those generally seen by general neurosurgeons. Pediatric neurosurgeons have specialized in treating pediatric neurosurgical diseases. Children with...
What is Disc Replacement Surgery?Disc replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a degenerative disc that causes chronic back pain is replaced by a metal or plastic intervertebral disc. This surgery is done if non-surgical treatments used for at least six months have failed. The disc replacement restores movements in the specific part of the vertebral column, which enables a painless motion of the higher segment of the vertebral column.The Artificial DiscAn artificial disc is used to r...
Spinal Stenosis Treatment Many non-surgical options are available for the treatment of spinal stenosis. A combination of medication and physical therapy exercises has proved to be beneficial for patients with mild symptoms. Non-surgical treatments need to be used for a long term to control the symptoms for patients who cannot undergo surgery. Surgery may be required if the patient needs to be urgently treated for spinal cord compression. The decision to go through surgery should be ta...
What is Microlumbar Discectomy? Microlumbar Discectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a compressed nerve root in the lower back due to a herniated inter-vertebral disk is decompressed. Decompression of the nerve root relieves the back and leg pain. How is Microlumbar Discectomy Performed? A small incision of approximately one inch is made on the patient's low back, above the compressed nerve root. An operative microscope is used to remove a crescent shaped part of the bo...