General Surgery

ROBOTIC UROLOGYA small orange placed inside a deep cavity, which is so small that only one hand can reach into it. Now imagine that the orange has to be peeled with one hand. This is the difficulty a surgeon faces when he has to work on the prostate gland [the orange], which is situated in the human pelvis [the deep cavity].Now imagine the surgeon's eyes being placed 5 inches from the orange, with instruments as small as pencils mimicking and exceeding the range of motion of the hands and fi...
WHAT IS ROBOTIC SURGERY?Robotic or Robot-assisted surgery integrates advanced computer technology with the experience of the skilled surgeons. This technology provides the surgeon with a 10x magnified, high-definition, 3D-image of the body's intricate anatomy.The surgeon uses controls in the console to manipulate special surgical instruments that are smaller, as well as more flexible and manoeuvrable than the human hand. The robot replicates the surgeon's hand movements, while minimizing hand tr...
What is Spleen Removal Surgery?Spleen removal surgery, known as splenectomy, is a surgical procedure in which a diseased or damaged spleen is partially or completely removed.How is Splenectomy Performed?Spleen removal surgery can be performed by an open surgery or by a laparoscopic method. The surgery may be done to completely remove the spleen that is enlarged or ruptured, or the spleen may also be partially removed.Open-complete splenectomy to remove an enlarged spleenAn incision is made in th...
What Is Laparoscopy?This is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to examine the abdominal organs using a laparoscope. It does not necessitate large incisions in the skin and allows the doctor to examine the inside of your body without open surgery. A laparoscope is a long thin tube that has a high-resolution camera and high-intensity light attached at the front.Why Is Laparoscopy Performed?It is used to identify and diagnose pelvic or abdominal pain. Laparoscopy is usually performed when...
What is Lung Biopsy?Lung biopsy is a medical procedure in which a sample of tissue from the lung is extracted for examination. The tissue sample is examined in a microbiological laboratory by a pathologist.A lung biopsy can diagnose cancer, lung infections like tuberculosis, drug reactions and chronic lung diseases like sarcoidosis and pulmonary fibrosis.Additionally, lung biopsy may also be used for treatments. For example bronchoscopy, a form of lung biopsy can also clear air passages, removin...
What is mastectomy?Mastectomy is the surgical removal of a breast. Mastectomy is used as a treatment for breast cancer. There are different types of mastectomy; The size and type of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, and the amount of lymph nodes to be removed are the factors that determine which type of mastectomy is appropriate for a patient. It also depends on the age and health of a patient.What are the different types of mastectomy?The different types of mastectomy are as follows: &nb...
What is Laparoscopic Prostate Surgery? Laparoscopic prostate surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove a diseased prostate affected by cancer. The surgical incisions are tiny, and through these incisions a laparoscope, which is an endoscopic device with a camera attached to it, is inserted along with other surgical tools that are used during the surgery. Bleeding is much less during the surgery and the patient does not take a very long time to recover after an endoscopic pros...
What is an Appendicectomy?Appendicectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix when it becomes infected or inflamed. The appendix is an organ that is finger-shaped and extends from the initial portion of the large intestine. Appendicitis may produce symptoms like abdominal pain located around the navel and lower right region of the abdomen. You may also experience symptoms like fever, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite if you have appendicitis. It becomes life-threatening when an infected ...
What is Nephrectomy? Nephrectomy is a surgical procedure in which a kidney or a part of a kidney is removed. A nephrectomy is performed if the kidney is severely damaged due to disease or injury or if the kidney is malfunctioned due to congenital conditions. The kidney may become damaged due to cancer, infections or polycystic kidney disease. A nephrectomy is also performed on a kidney donor for kidney transplantation. What are the types of Nephrectomy? Radical Nephrectomy: In a radi...
What is Thyroidectomy? Thyroidectomy is a surgery performed to remove the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located over the trachea, below the larynx. It is an endocrine gland of the body that secretes its products and hormones into the blood. Total thyroidectomy is the removal of the whole gland, while partial or subtotal thyroidectomy is the removal of a portion of the thyroid gland. Thyroidectomy is performed to remove tumor from the thyroid gland or it is done to cut an enlarged thyroid...
What is gallbladder removal surgery? Gallbladder removal surgery (also known as Cholecystectomy) is a surgical procedure performed to remove the gallbladder. Removal of the gallbladder will not cause any threats to your life. What are the different types of gallbladder removal surgery? There are two types of gallbladder removal surgery: Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal Surgery This method uses a laparoscope to remove the gallbladder. A laparoscope is a flexible endoscopic ...