Obstetrics & Gynaecology

ROBOTIC SURGERY IN GYNECOLOGYThe introduction of da Vinci robotic surgery to the field of gynecologic surgery has made minimally invasive procedures a possibility for a growing number of patients for whom open surgery was once the only option.Indeed, conventional laparoscopy has been beneficial when compared to open surgery with advantages such as shorter hospitalization, faster recovery, less blood loss, better cosmesis and fewer complications. However, laparoscopy as well as surgical appro...
What is Gynecological Oncology? This is a branch of medicine that specializes on focusing on cancers that affect the female reproductive system. These include: Ovarian cancer Vaginal cancer Uterine cancer Vulvar cancer Cervical cancer Who is a gynecological oncologist? This is a medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing, treating and managing cancers that affect female reproductive organs. Gynecological oncologists have completed a four-year residency in obstetrics and gynecology ...
How is Urinary Incontinence Treated? The various options of urinary incontinence treatment include behavioral treatment, medications and surgery. In the treatment of urinary incontinence, the least invasive method of treatment is first applied. The choice of the treatment option depends on the particular cause of the incontinence. However, there are some treatment options that can be applied to more than one type of urinary incontinence, such as using absorbent products. Absorbent pads and ur...
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus (the womb). The uterus may be completely or partially removed. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may also be removed, depending on the health needs of the patient. Partial Hysterectomy A partial hysterectomy is the removal of the upper portion of the uterus, leaving the cervix intact. Total Hysterectomy A total hysterectomy is removal of the entire uterus (including the cervix). Radical Hysterectomy Removes the whole uterus, the tissue on...
What is an Exploratory Laparotomy? This is a surgical operation performed with the objective of gathering information which is not available through usual clinical diagnostic methods. An exploratory laparotomy is used to see and examine the abdominal cavity and the organs inside it. Where is the procedure performed and who performs it? An exploratory laparotomy is usually performed in a hospital operating room by a general or specialized surgeon. However, the procedure may be performed by an...
What is Hysteroscopy? Hysteroscopy is a medical procedure in which the uterine cavity is examined through the cervix using an endoscopic tube known as a hysteroscope. Abnormalities and problems related to the uterus may be diagnosed and treated during a hysteroscopy. Surgical sterilization may also be done using hysteroscopy which helps the doctor to locate an area for biopsy. Hysteroscopy may be performed as an alternative or in addition to dilation and curettage (D&C). How is Hysterosco...
Why have a Gynecological Exam? A gynecological exam is a series of tests done in regard to the female reproductive system. The best reason to have a gynecological exam is for it to act as a preventative measure in regard to your reproductive and physical well-being. Such an exam allows for the early detection of diseases such as pelvic infections, ovarian, cervical and breast cancer which are usually asymptomatic in the early stages and this increases the chances of survival. When to have yo...
What is Oophorectomy? Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure to remove one or both ovaries. Oophorectomy is used as a treatment for pelvic diseases like ovarian cancer. It may also be recommended if ovarian hormones may be the cause of breast cancer and severe endometriosis. If ovaries are removed to reduce chances of developing ovarian cancer in future, it is known as prophylactic oophorectomy. Types of Oophorectomy: Unilateral Oophorectomy: The removal of one ovary is called un...
What is thymectomy? Thymectomy is the surgical procedure to remove the thymus. There is remission of myasthenia gravis with the help of medicine, which includes steroids. However, the remission may not be permanent. What are the tests required? The tests required are: X-ray, Blood test. Breathing test, Musclestrength test How much time is required? The procedure takes 1-3 hours whereas the patient's stay in the hospital would be around 1-3 days. What is the cost of the procedure? The...
What is reproductive endocrinology? This is a special branch of medicine in obstetrics and gynecology that focuses on training doctors in reproductive medicine that addresses how hormones function in regard to reproduction and infertility. Who is a reproductive endocrinologist? These are medical doctors who have specialized training in reproductive medicine in conjunction with hormonal function in relation to infertility and reproduction. They are also k known as reproductive endocrinologist...
Why you should have a Delivery Package The arrival of your baby is a time of joy and bonding for the whole family and stress and frustrations should not be a part of it. That's why it is best to select a delivery package during pregnancy that will help you throughout the pregnancy and delivery. Delivery packages support mothers throughout all stages of pregnancy; antenatal, birth and postnatal. They ensure that you get the best support and are stress-free. It is important to know what to Type...
What is Ovarian Cyst Removal? Ovarian cyst removal is a medical procedure for removing cysts that are formed in the ovaries. Most ovarian cysts disappear without treatment. Some cysts in the ovaries may be treated with medication using birth control pills. This stops ovulation which stops new cysts from developing. Ovarian cysts that do not disappear on their own or those that are 5 to 10 centimeters in size may be removed by surgery to ensure that the cyst is not cancerous. Surgery may als...
What is Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery? This is surgery that reconstructs and repairs the pelvic floor so as to restore the organs to their original position. Pelvic reconstructive surgery may be done through an incision in the vagina, the abdomen or with laparoscopy. The pelvis and pelvic floor The pelvis is the lowest part of your abdomen and it houses organs such as ovaries, uterus, bladder, and bowel. Usually, pain in the pelvis, pelvic pain, means that there is pain emanating from one or...
What is Myomectomy? Myomectomy is a surgical procedure in which fibroids are removed from the uterus wall. Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Analogue (GnRH-a) therapy may be used before myomectomy to reduce the size of the fibroids. This helps in reducing blood loss during a surgery. The GnRH-a therapy decreases the estrogen amounts in the body. What are the different methods of performing Myomectomy? Myomectomy may be performed by various surgical methods; choosing the method depends on the ...