Oncology

ROBOTIC CANCER SURGERYA diagnosis of cancer could hit one hard. That is why it is important to learn the facts about the condition and the best available options for treatment before choosing the way ahead.The surgical treatment of cancers has traditionally been by open techniques. Open surgery is associated with a large wound and delayed recovery and return to normal activities. Laparoscopic surgery has been established as a feasible, safe and sound option for certain cancers including colo...
OverviewBrain tumor surgery is performed to remove a brain tumor.Craniotomy is the most common method used to remove a brain tumor.During surgery, the maximum number of tumors are removed. Most primary brain tumors are surgically removed, however there are some tumors that may not be removed completely. In these cases, the tumor may only be debulked in which the tumor's size is reduced. This is helpful in relieving some symptoms.The patient may need to undergo chemotherapy along with surgery. H...
What is Leukemia? Leukemia is a condition where the blood-forming tissues become cancerous including the lymphatic system and the bone marrow. In other words, it is the cancer of the blood cells. There are different types of leukemia, and some exist in children while others exist in adults. Leukemia is mostly common with the white blood cells, which are the infection fighters. Normally, these cells grow and divide in an orderly manner, as the body requires. However, with leukemia, the bone marr...
OverviewCervical cancer detected in early stages can be treated successfully. The choice of treatment, however, depends on the tumor size, its spread and the need to preserve the ability to get pregnant.What are the treatment options for cervical cancer?Cervical cancer is widely treated with surgery and radiotherapy. Surgery is done to remove the cancer cells. It is used primarily in early stages of cancer. Chemotherapy may also be recommended in some stages of cancer along with radiation therap...
What is Chemotherapy? Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells, viruses, bacteria and fungi. During chemotherapy, the drugs kill the cancer cells, including cells of the digestive tract, bone marrow and hair follicles. Healthy cells may also be damaged and due to this many side effects occur. Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment as the drugs are administered orally or intravenously and travel through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy may cure the cancer or stop the cancer...
What is pancreatic cancer?This is a type of cancer that occurs in the pancreas. The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system that is located behind the stomach. The pancreas produces hormones and digestive enzymes.Types of pancreatic cancerExocrine - occurs in the part of the pancreas that produces digestive enzymes. Digestive enzymes help to break down food so that it can be absorbed into the body.Endocrine - occurs in the part of the pancreas that produces hormones. Hormones s...
What is image guided radiotherapy (IGRT)?Image-guided radiation therapy is a method of radiation therapy that uses imaging techniques during the course of radiation treatment that directs radiation therapy in order to utilize the imaging coordinates of the radiation treatment plan. The radiation therapy technique controls cancer tumors through the use of radiation treatment. It is an example of the conformal radiotherapy that helps shape the radiotherapy beams around the cancerous region.During ...
What is Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)? Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is an advanced radiation therapy that uses high precision techniques for reducing the damage to healthy tissues. A computerized plan is organized by the doctor to determine the accurate amount of radiation to be aimed at the cancer growth. The computer helps in determining the exact location, size, and shape of the cancer in order to determine the amount of radiation required to eliminate the canc...
What is Gastric Cancer?Gastric cancer is cancer that starts when cancerous cells form in the inner lining of the stomach. It is also known as stomach cancer. The cells eventually grow into tumors slowly over the years. The stomach is a component of the upper abdomen that helps in the digestion of food. There are different kinds of gastric cancers and adenocarcinoma is the most common. This cancer begins in cells that release and make mucus and other fluids.Signs and symptoms of gastric cancer&nb...
Treatment overviewBrain cancer treatment is complex and individualized for each patient. The care involves a team of doctor, including oncologists, neurosurgeons, radiation therapists, physical therapist, occupational therapist and neurologist. Different treatment options are available which are decided according to the cancer type and the patient's status.What are the treatment options for brain cancer?The treatment plan in brain cancer depends on a variety of factors. They include:Location...
What are the treatment options for Prostate Cancer? The type of treatment that a patient chooses depends upon various factors such as the patient's age, health issues, PSA levels, and Gleason score of the patient's cancer. The cancer stage and the complications that might be involved in the treatment are also taken into consideration. Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiation therapy and pain medications may be used to treat metastatic or locally advanced prostate cancer. A patient who has rec...
Thyroid cancer treatment overview:Treatment of thyroid cancer depends on the patient's age, type and stage of the cancer and overall health of the patient. Main options for thyroid cancer treatment are surgery and radiotherapy.What are the treatment options for thyroid cancer?Treatment options for thyroid cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy or chemotherapy. Surgery: Surgery is done to remove the cancerous part of the thyroid. It can be done as lobectomy, thyroidecto...
What is Prostatectomy?Prostatectomy is a surgical procedure that is performed to remove a diseased prostate gland. Prostatectomy can also be done to remove an enlarged prostate gland. This is known as simple prostatectomy. When a prostatectomy is performed to treat prostate cancer, it is known as radical prostatectomy.Prostatectomy may be performed by an open surgery method or by laparoscopy. Laparoscopic prostatectomy may be performed either manually or by using robotic approach. This type ...
Mouth Cancer Cancer can be defined as the uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause the damage to surrounding tissues. Mouth cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Mouth cancer includes cancer of the tongue, lips, cheeks, the floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses and the throat. If not diagnosed early, mouth cancer can be life threatening.Types of mouth cancer Squamous cell carcinoma: This is the most occurring case of mouth cancer ...
What is bladder cancer?Bladder cancer has better prognosis if it is detected and treated early. Various treatment options are available but, the choice depends mainly on the stage and grade of the cancer.What are the treatment options for bladder cancer?The choice of treatment usually differs in various stages and includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and immunotherapy. Surgery: Bladder cancer present in the inner surface of bladder can be removed by cystoscopy called as t...
Liver Cancer Liver cancer appropriately referred to as primary liver cancer is cancer resulting from cancerous cells in the liver. The liver serves to filter blood, create bile, to store and releasing sugars among other functions. Cancer from other organs can spread to the liver via blood circulation resulting in metastatic cancer. The liver is composed of many cells, which gives rise to different types of tumors, where some are noncancerous, and others are cancerous. The most common form of ca...
What is Lung Cancer?This is a cancer condition which occurs when cells in the lung tissue start to grow uncontrollably.Types of lung cancerThere are two types of lung cancer namely primary and secondary lung cancer. Primary lung cancer is cancer that begins in the lungs. Cancer that spreads from the lungs to another body part is known as secondary lung cancer.Signs of lung cancerThere are usually no signs or symptoms in the early stages of lung cancer. Eventually, symptoms develop which include:...
Treatment overview:Treatment of throat cancer depends on the seriousness and extent of the condition. Treatment is usually tailored individually. The main aim is to the preserve patient's ability to speak and eat while maintaining a normal healthy life. What are the treatment options for throat cancer? Surgery: Surgery is done in cases of small and localized cancer. Cancer which is advanced and has spread to the surrounding areas requires more extensive surgery which may in...
What is Kidney Cancer?Kidney cancer refers to the situation where the kidney cells become cancerous and grow out of control resulting to a tumor. It is also known as renal cancer. However, this type of cancer is detectable before spreading to distant organs and successfully treated. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs responsible for cleaning the blood, making urine and removing waste products. Risk factors for kidney cancer Smoking: Smokers have a double chance of contracting this diseas...
Treatment overviewLike many cancers, bone cancer is also treated by a team of doctors and therapists called multidisciplinary team. Treatment options for brain cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and biological therapy.What are the treatment options for bone cancer?Some cancers are treated with surgery or chemotherapy or a combination of both. Radiation therapy is used in cases where surgery is difficult. Biological therapy may also be used in some cancers in children and young ad...